Knowing and utilizing the language/terminology from the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, sex different, intersex, queer, asexual and questioning (LGBTIQA+)

Glossary of typical conditions


1 communities helps you to make certain treatments and companies tend to be inclusive and polite. 2 This source layer provides a glossary of words for professionals and companies to help them to better understand the terminology and also to use comprehensive language in-service supply.


The information inside resource piece is meant to help providers and experts develop safe places for people that are people in these communities.

Studies have shown that some companies assume that their clients were heterosexual and employ heterosexist words, which can bring about pains for people and cause them to perhaps not reveal their particular LGBTIQA+ standing (Australian person liberties Commission [AHRC], 2015) or go over her gender or sexuality. Improving the means to access appropriate providers is essential due to the greater rate of psychological state problems such as for example anxiety, anxiety and suicide (National LGBTI Health Alliance, 2016) which are skilled by people in LGBTIQA+ forums when compared to her non-LGBTIQA+ colleagues. Research also indicates that demands confronted by same-gender attracted young people, such as intimidation, homelessness and thoughts of embarrassment, concern and misunderstandings, usually do not stem from the type regarding sexual or gender variety. Instead, they’re pushed by fear of, or real, discrimination via institutions which are essential in the resides of teenagers, such as schools, wellness services and welfare service (AHRC, 2015).

It’s known that issues of gender personality are very different to issues of sexual orientation; however, for simple guide, both are included inside source piece. More, it really is known that some terminology are contested and language in this area is developing (GLHV, 2016). Therefore, enthusiasts and companies are encouraged to utilize this source sheet along with different sourced elements of info (e.g. see the additional learning and methods and organisations noted after this site piece).

It is critical to accept the complexity of men and women’s resided knowledge and recognise that earlier facets may apply to people differently and various days over the life span.

Systems, sex and gender identities

Cisgender/cis: a phrase familiar with describe men whoever gender corresponds to the gender they certainly were allocated at delivery.

Gender: refers to the socially created and hierarchical classes assigned to individuals on the basis of their unique apparent sex at delivery. While various other men and women are recognised in certain cultures, in american society, people are likely to adapt to one of two gender roles complimentary their particular obvious sex; as an example, male = man/masculine and female = woman/feminine.

Gender norms establish exactly how we should dress, act/behave, additionally the proper roles and positions of privilege we now have in culture (e.g. the ability relations between both women and men). Failing continually to abide by the norms related to one’s gender can lead to ridicule, intimidation plus physical violence (Aizura, Walsh, Pike, Ward, & Jak, 2010).

Lots of people dont fit into these narrowly described and strict gender norms. Some women may suffer male, males may suffer considerably elegant many folk cannot become often, or may deny sex entirely (read Gender personality).

Sex binary: the spectrum-based classification of gender into the two categories of either man or woman according to biological sex (discover Sex).

Gender personality: means an interior feeling of yourself as people, woman, masculine, girly, neither, both, or active easily between or not in the gender binary.

Gender pronouns: theserefer to how someone picks to publicly show their sex character with the use of a pronoun, whether it is a gender-specific or a gender-neutral pronoun (GLHV, 2016). This could possibly range from the more traditional the individual, as well as gender-neutral pronouns particularly they, their particular, ze, hir among others (see Transgender/Trans/Gender various).

Genderqueer/Non-binary gender: a term accustomed describe gender identification that will not adapt to traditional sex norms and may feel conveyed as besides girl or guy, such as sex simple and androgynous.

Sex questioning: not an identification but sometimes found in mention of the an individual who try uncertain which sex, if any, they diagnose with.

Intersex: an umbrella phase that means people that have actually anatomical, chromosomal and hormonal characteristics that vary from medical and main-stream understandings of male and female system. Intersex everyone is ‘neither wholly feminine nor entirely male; a mixture of livelinks female and male; or neither female nor male’ (Sex Discrimination Amendment operate (sex Orientation, Gender character and Intersex standing) 2013 (Cth)).

Intersex men and women may decide as either boys, ladies or non-binary (see Genderqueer/Non-binary sex).

Sex: a person’s gender is made up of anatomical, chromosomal and hormone personality. Gender was labeled as either female or male at birth considering an individual’s exterior anatomical characteristics. However, intercourse isn’t necessarily straightforward as many people may be created with an intersex variation, and anatomical and hormone traits can alter over a lifespan.

Sexual orientations

Aromantic/aro: identifies individuals who don’t feel romantic destination. Aromantic people might or might not decide as asexual.

Asexual/ace: a sexual direction that reflects little to no intimate destination, either within or outside interactions. People who determine as asexual can certainly still understanding intimate attraction across the sexuality continuum. While asexual people do not undertaking intimate destination, it doesn’t necessarily indicate too little libido or sexual drive.

Bisexual: an individual who was intimately and/or romantically interested in people of the exact same sex and individuals of some other sex. Bisexuality does not necessarily believe there are just two men and women (Flanders, LeBreton, Robinson, Bian, & Caravaca-Morera, 2017).

Gay: somebody who determines as a person and it is intimately and/or romantically keen on individuals that diagnose as men. The expression gay can also be used about women who were intimately and romantically interested in more women.

Heterosexual: somebody who was sexually and/or romantically interested in the alternative gender.

Lesbian: an individual who determines as a woman and it is sexually and/or romantically keen on other people who recognize as people.

Queer: an expression regularly describe a range of intimate orientations and gender identities. Although as soon as put as a derogatory term, the phrase queer today encapsulates political strategies of effectiveness heteronormativity and homonormativity and is also typically used as an umbrella name to describe the complete number of LGBTIQA+ identities.

Intimate orientation: means an individual’s sexual and enchanting destination to some other individual. This can integrate, it is not limited to, heterosexual, lesbian, gay, bisexual and asexual. It is essential to note, but why these are just a small number of sexual identifications – the reality is that there are an infinite number of ways that somebody might establish their particular sexuality. More, group can diagnose with a sexuality or intimate direction despite their intimate or passionate experiences. Some individuals may recognize as intimately liquid; this is certainly, their own sex is not solved to virtually any one identity.