Thyroid cancer occurs in cells in the thyroid gland. This rare disease is more common in women. Although tumors are generally benign, a low rate of cancer is observed in cold nodules. The most common types of this type of cancer, which has many types, are papillary. Follicular types.
Types of Thyroid Cancer
Papillary and follicles are the most common types of cancer. Papillary cancer begins to show symptoms after a very long time. The follicular type, on the other hand, can be transmitted to other organs with blood without progressing in the neck region. In this type of cancer, which is generally seen at the age of fifty and above, recurrence of the disease is encountered.
Medullary cancer is a type of cancer that can spread to nearby lymph nodes and distant organs. It is the most common type of cancer after papillary and follicular cancers. There are c cells that spread to the main cells in many organs that make up cancer. It is a type of cancer with a high genetic transmission. The thyroid gland is removed, in its treatment.
Anaplastic cancer is the least common type. It goes very fast. The mass in the thyroid gland grows very rapidly. If breathing is very difficult, the trachea is removed. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the treatment methods.
What Causes Thyroid Cancer?
Although there are still researches, it is known that radiation is effective. It is observed that people who receive their treatment with radiotherapy for any disease subsequently develop thyroid cancer at a high rate. Trioid cancer also occurs due to genetic reasons. In this disease, which does not show any symptoms in general, patients can learn that they have thyroid cancer even though they do not have any complaints during their doctor’s controls. In some cases, swelling occurs in the neck area. There may be pain in the throat, difficulties in swallowing, and simple complaints such as hoarseness. If nodules are detected suddenly in children and the elderly, thyroid cancer may be suspected. If there is a disease in the family history, then there is suspicion about thyroid cancer. The presence of a single nodule in men is also suspicious.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Thyroid Cancer
You can safely receive diagnosis and treatment service from our specialist physician in our institution. A method called ultrasonography is used in order to diagnose very easily even in people with short stature. Diagnosis is made with a detailed investigation. Genetic background and exposure to radiation are investigated. Detailed information about the nodule is obtained by performing scintigraphy and aspiration biopsy.
Radiation therapy is applied after our surgical procedures. Treatment with hormonal drugs also continues. In surgical treatment, the thyroid gland is removed. If it has spread to the lymph node, it may be necessary to remove the lymph nodes. Removal of the entire thyroid gland is an appropriate method as it reduces the possibility of recurrence of the disease. If the thyroid gland is completely removed after the surgical operation, problems with the vocal cords may occur. Thyroid gland insufficiency may also be seen. In case of these two problems, radioactive iodine treatment method is applied. If there are voice disorders, voice therapy method treatment is applied.
It can be applied one and a half months after the surgical procedure. In order to get effective results in this treatment, the patient’s TSH value should not be below thirty. Fatigue may occur after treatment. Efforts are being made to overcome these problems with drugs. Although a decrease in salivary secretion is rare, this situation can be experienced and problems with taste may occur.