80% of salivary gland tumors originate from the salivary glands in front of both ears, 10% from the salivary glands under the chin, and the rest from other salivary glands. 80% of salivary gland tumors are benign and 20% are malignant.
The most prominent complaint in salivary gland tumors is swelling in the gland. Malignant tumors appear as a fast-growing, firm mass that has little or no mobility on examination. Sometimes they can cause facial paralysis in the patient. Benign tumors grow more slowly and do not cause facial paralysis.
After a detailed ear, nose and throat examination, neck ultrasound, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging are requested. A definitive diagnosis is made by sending the fine-needle bitpsy material taken under ultrasound guidance for pathological examination.
The treatment of salivary gland tumors is surgery. The extent of surgical treatment varies according to the type of tumor.