The thyroid is a gland that is seen as a protrusion on the anterior sides of the neck region and secretes an important hormone for the body. As for the thyroid nodule, it should be checked as it has different structures and sizes. In the diagnosis, it is checked whether it is benign or malignant, there is no condition that requires surgery for the benign ones. A biopsy is the essential step in making the decision for thyroid surgery. If an unidentified structure is seen in biopsies, surgery is decided. Before the operation, the patient is definitely well informed, the experience of the surgeon who will perform the operation is the important point. Adequate information about the pre- and post-operative period is definitely given to the patient. Thyroid surgery takes approximately 2.5 hours under general anesthesia. A part or all of the thyroid gland is removed with an incision made from the neck region. Generally, the hospital stay does not exceed 2 days. The patient recovers within 3 weeks and can return to his normal life.
At the exit of the thyroid surgery, the patient experiences pain due to the incision, except for fatigue caused by anesthesia. Painkillers will be sufficient for this. Ice or mouthwash may also be recommended to the patient by the doctor. If swelling starts in the area after the surgery, this is a sign of bleeding and it is time to consult your doctor. Hoarseness, which may also last for a few days, may last up to several months in some cases. Checking is important. If the type of cancer is not found after the operation and the pathology result is clear, treatment with drugs and controls and an endocrinology specialist should be continued.
Need for Thyroid Surgery
Requirements for a surgical operation are in question when a nodule is detected in the thyroid gland. This situation, in which the biopsy is determined, is the need to determine the cancer, the possibility of cancer, and the determination of benign nodules. Surgery is a clear form of treatment for thyroid disorders.
After Thyroid Operation
After the thyroid operation, a period of resting period begins. During this period, everything from the patient’s eating to drinking should be carefully and carefully. Because after the operation, hormone levels begin to decrease, hormone supplements become necessary, a constant adjustment in drug doses is required.
Thyroid And Obesity
Thyroid hormones are among the hormones that are effective in metabolism. Fat, sugar burning, food consumption affects all of them. When there is a disorder, weight changes are noticeable in the patient. When the thyroid is secreted excessively, there is an increase in energy consumption. It is the opposite when it is secreted less.
Before deciding on thyroid surgery, examinations and biopsies are important steps. It should be determined whether the nodules are benign or malignant.
Since the thyroid gland works more or less, it is an important hormone in terms of body metabolism, so its control is important.
Before and after thyroid surgeries, care should be extremely careful.
Every surgery is a risk. Some complications may arise after thyroid surgeries. The patient should be prepared and informed about these.
All medications used before thyroid surgery should be conveyed to the relevant physician in full, it is an important point not to have a cold before the surgery. Even a herpes present in the patient means the cancellation of the surgery because this situation, which is a viral infection to the patient receiving anesthesia, will be a factor in its spread to the blood. Since the anesthesia conditions are the footnotes that should be given priority by the physician, it is obligatory for the patient to pay attention and comply with them. Every surgery is a risk. Complications of triggering diseases such as heart and lung may arise in thyroid surgeries. In this respect, it is necessary to examine and monitor patients with these diseases much more closely. The operating conditions must be adjusted according to these systemic diseases. At this point, we are with our patients in order to inform them about every information you want to receive, all necessary pre-operative examinations, before and after the operation decision, by a professional surgeon and team. You will be in safe hands.