Meniere’s disease is a disease that occurs with a feeling of fullness in the ear, ringing, buzzing, hearing loss and dizziness. These symptoms can last from 20 minutes to 2-3 hours. The patient may experience nausea and vomiting during the attack. Hearing loss is temporary in the first attacks, typically includes low tones, that is, deep sounds, and hearing returns to normal after the attack. However, as the number of attacks increases, permanent hearing loss may occur over time. In some patients, falling attacks may occur without loss of consciousness. Meniere can be bilateral in more than one third of patients. The exact cause of Meniere is unknown. It is thought to occur as a result of a malfunction in the absorption of endolymph fluid. The most important factor in the diagnosis is the patient’s complaints. A definitive diagnosis is made with hearing and balance tests.
Treatment consists of two parts, attack treatment and preventive treatment. In the treatment of attacks, he is hospitalized and given serum therapy and intravenous drug therapy. After the attack, preventive treatment is given. In preventive treatment, in addition to drug therapy, the patient is advised not to eat a salt-free diet, not to smoke, not to drink fermented beverages such as wine and beer, and to stay away from stress. If the attacks cannot be controlled despite drug treatment, intra-ear injection treatment is applied. A small number of patients who do not benefit from drug treatments require surgical treatment.