The adenoid usually starts to grow after the 6th month, gradually shrinks from the age of 9-10 and disappears at the age of 13-14.
As a result of frequent upper respiratory tract infections, especially in the first years when the child starts nursery or school, the adenoid grows rapidly during these periods.
The child with enlarged adenoids has a stuffy nose, sleeps with his mouth open while sleeping. The child sleeps restlessly. Some children sweat heavily, some wake up frequently. This child, who cannot sleep well, becomes extremely restless and hyperactive during the daytime. If he is a school-going child, his school performance may decline.
Some of these children may experience respiratory arrests during sleep, which we call sleep apnea. The most common cause of sleep apnea in children is severely enlarged adenoids and tonsils.
As a result of the deterioration of sleep quality and frequent awakenings, the release of growth hormone during sleep decreases and these children may experience loss of appetite, growth and developmental delay.
A child with nasal congestion due to adenoid enlargement has to breathe through the mouth. As a result of this long period, deterioration of the jaw bones and teeth is observed. A face shape called adenoid face is formed.
The presence of large and problematic adenoids in a child may cause sinusitis, fluid typing in the middle ear, and recurrent middle ear infections. In the presence of these conditions, your doctor may recommend adenoid surgery.