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THYROID CANCERS

There are four main types of cancer in the thyroid gland. These are, in order of frequency, papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic carcinomas. Papillary and follicular thyroid cancers are completely curable if treated on time. Medullary…
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THYROID NODULES

Nodules are cell clusters of different size and structure from the normal thyroid tissue formed within the thyroid gland. It is more common in women. Although 95% of thyroid nodules are benign, cancer cells can be found in around 5% of the nodules.…
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THYROID GLAND DISEASES

The thyroid gland is a gland with an average weight of 20-30 g located in the anterior and middle part of the neck. Its job is to secrete hormones. The hormones secreted by the thyroid gland control the body's energy metabolism. They play an…
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LARYNX CANCERS

Laryngeal (larynx) cancer is the most common type of cancer among all head and neck cancers. They constitute about 3% of all body cancers. It is mostly seen in men over 50 who smoke. The risk of developing laryngeal cancer in smokers was 5-35…
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ORAL CAVITY (ORAL CAVITY) CANCERS

Cancers of the lips, tongue, tonsils, palate and floor of the mouth, which we call the oral cavity, fall into this group. Oral cavity (oral cavity) cancers take the second place among head and neck cancers after larynx (larynx) cancers. It…
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HEAD and NECK CANCERS

Head and neck cancers constitute a very wide spectrum; Cancers of the lips, tongue, tonsils, palate and floor of the mouth, which we call the oral cavity, Cancers originating from the inside of the nose and the skin of the nose, Paranasal…
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LYMPHANGIOM (CYSTIC HYGROMA)

It is a congenital anomaly of the lymphatic system. It is the enlargement of these channels as a result of the disorder in the lymph channels. 60-70% are present at birth, 90% appear by 2-3 years of age. It is most common in the head and neck…
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HEMANGIOMA

Hemangiomas are the most common head and neck tumors in children. 95% occur at birth or within the first few months after birth. 90% of the cases regress spontaneously without treatment until the age of 6-7 years. However, the probability of…
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BRANCHIAL CYST

If the branchial spaces that should disappear during fetal development are not eliminated, they appear as branchial cysts in the postnatal period. They are the most common congenital neck masses on the lateral side of the neck. There are…
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TYROGLOSSAL DUCTUS CYST

The thyroid gland is formed at the root of the tongue in embryonic life and moves along the canal called the thyroglossal canal at the 7th week of pregnancy and settles in its normal place in the neck. When the thyroid gland settles in its normal…